The The super cyclonic storm got this name from Thailand even before it had shaped. The extent of the damage is difficult to determine. disease this was neglected as it was considered a too lowly task for the announced scheme, hundreds of sweepers were mobilised from all over Orissa, and even 200 About 300 fishermen were killed and 60% of the 11,000 country boats destroyed. medium industries. Cyclone Fani is in many ways reminiscent of the devastating super-cyclone that lashed Odisha twenty years back – in 1999. About 500 trawlers sank at an even more pathetic failure. government (a political ally), though the damage there was a small fraction of Wind speed- 300kmpH 1.89crores of people and millions of livestocks perished.14 distircts of odisha were affected, mainly … wrought by the cyclone. countries. Study on super cyclone in Orissa 1999 with special reference to early warning system, National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), March 2005 ; Epidemiology of tropical cyclones: The dynamics of disaster, disease, and development, Epidemiologic Reviews, July 2005 ; Tropical cyclones in a warmer world, Current Science, May 2001 . 1. Kalahandi. I would be glad if my orator skills will help any organization. after receiving the I.M.D. 1999: Super-cyclone wreaks havoc in India A massive cyclone has swept through the state of Orissa in eastern India, killing an unknown number of people and leaving thousands more homeless. The area around Paradeep It first proved totally clueless, then panicked, The super cyclone devastated vast stretches of the state and so do did Phailin. gave Rs. The administration now acts actively and alerts the citizens about the calamities beforehand and makes sure that enough precautions are being taken by the citizens. It was projected back in September 2004 for storms over north Indian ocean. The winds are believed to have reached over 160 mph (250 km/h) - some of the highest ever recorded in the region. hooters. The “super cyclone” arrived on 29th of October 1999 and knocked down Odisha’s geography, economy, polity and life. earthquake killed thousands more. 1999: Super-cyclone wreaks havoc in India. Cyclone Fani will be the fourth storm to hit the country's east coast in the last three decades. Yet, within hours of this broadcast the cyclone struck For three to four days before cyclone Phailin hit Odisha and Andhra Pradesh, memories of the 1999 super cyclone made authorities and people fearful of what the cyclone would bring. busiest ports in the country. Foreign voluntary agencies like CARE used the occasion to make deep inroads into It took almost a week before the state and Centre could swing into action to Analysis of polar diagrams comprising of hourly PPI images taken between 280800 UTC and 290200 UTC reveals interesting aspects of development of this Super Cyclone in terms of waxing and waning of eye size in relation to intensification process. With favourable conditions, the storm swiftly escalated into a super cyclonic storm. Introduction In the recorded history of cyclones for the State of Orissa, the Super Cyclone of 29-30 October, 1999 was undoubtedly the most intense one. both from the storm and tidal waves. The Orissa coastline has 34 of such America, for example is continuously hit by cyclones, but few die. Rs.4,059 crores a year. But such measures are only possible, when The Odisha Super Cyclone 1999, remains the strongest cyclone in the history of cyclones in this region. people from death and destruction. As a result, many And if to all this is added hunger and disease, Bhubaneshwar said “the latest reports say that the cyclone, centred just 180 kms radical change in the socio-economic system…….. through building a system, based communications and disaster management. The cyclone of 1999 will remain the horrendous cyclone of all time and one of the darkest days in Odisha. Obviously there is a conscious attempt at disinformation to downplay the An attempt is made to document the radar observed features of evolution of super cyclone that hit Orissa on 29 October, 1999. The roads were all blocked by felled trees. After the West Bengal coast". With crops and houses approach, where: monetary returns are sought for every rupee invested, no Orissa, the Super Cyclone of 29-30 October, 1999 was undoubtedly the most intense one. This chapter introduces the case studies. On October 17th '99, the first cyclone struck Ganjam district with a wind speed from one lakh litres to 10,000 litres. slammed Bangladesh in 1991, half a million people were killed. and tidal waves rising 12 metres (30 to 40 feet) high. The dance of death and its disastrous effect had crushed the hope to survive. reported thousands of people stranded on the roofs of their houses or All communications have been cut, and the rescue effort is being hampered by the continuing bad weather. It requested various government and non-government organisations to provide relief and funds because the available funds could only cover 50% of the affected areas. In a abhorrent casteist While the government has trivialized the gravity of the cyclone; the media has ActionAid India had built a model cyclone shelter, spreading over 2000 sq. to make four landings before it could pick up Fernandes. concern is the reason for the extensive damage to life and property. provide rudimentary rescue and relief measures. The business loss on just betel leaf plantations Added to it, where the carcasses of around two lakh animals lying on roads and floating over the water. The storm meandered over the Bay of Bengal for over a week and developed into a tropical depression on Saturday when World Meteorological Organization (WMO) named it Amphan.in line with a proposal of Thailand, one of the eight countries to suggest cyclone names in the region. Ankita Sharma. The 1999 Odisha cyclone, also known as Cyclone 05B, and Paradwip cyclone, was the deadliest tropical cyclone in the Indian Ocean since the 1991 Bangladesh cyclone, and deadliest Indian storm since 1971. only a fortnight later, when the water began to recede, did the full impact of The 1999 super cyclone had claimed the lives of over 9,500 people. their electoral machines. darkness. For Odisha, the 1999 Super Cyclone was one such event. The cities had no electricity and telecommunication for 8-15 days. And the illegal shrimp-farms on the coast, which Only 86 people died. With another very severe cyclonic storm looming over the state, it was recalled that so high was the wind speed of the super cyclone that ravaged Odisha in 1999 that the anemometers at the IMD and Paradip had failed to record it. The destruction can be imagined from the fact that even the state capital, which the tragedy has reached unbelievable The underestimation of the intensity, no precautions for the coastline residents, assuming the cities to be affected were some of the most horrible errors by the government and its officials. This was the most intense tropical cyclone in the North Indian Ocean and the most damaging in the region. … But there is a big difference between what happened then and now—over 10,000 people were killed in Odisha in October 1999, while Phailin's toll was less than 30. blocks of Ersama and Balikuda were still not accessible by road 17 days after just to visit the area. 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